Lots of women had sex over and over again a week

Study society and procedures

Which cohort studies enrolled 1912 probably qualified women that went to the new Family Considered and you can Reproductive Wellness Clinic, Chulalongkorn Art gallery Hospital, Bangkok, Thailand, out of . This period took place prior to LARCs became freely available from federal healthcare system for everyone adolescents. For this research, the fresh new qualification standards was indeed below: sexually effective Thai women old 18–forty five years, not expecting in accordance with no intentions to become pregnant for on least 12 months after signing up for the research, want to start among four types of contraceptives made use of in the analysis [COCs, DMPA, copper IUD, otherwise birth prevention enhancement(s)], zero contraindication towards the chosen strategy, and capability to give consent in the Thai. This study was used in accordance with the Declaration away from Helsinki. The study is actually approved by the ethical panel of Professors out-of Medication, Chulalongkorn College or university (IRB#). Every woman signed and you can old authored informed agree forms passed by the school regarding Drug, Chulalongkorn School Organization Review Panel.


Most of the users underwent standardized contraception research in the loved ones believe nurses. The following pointers is actually obtained on the female: medical history, past cycle, history of exposed sexual intercourse, and you may history of contraindications so you’re able to the hormone estrogen-progestin contraceptives. Standard bodily inspections, plus blood pressure level and the entire body lbs dimensions, was did. Likewise, in the event that shown, the women undergone pelvic examination and you can cervical cytological assessment. Next, the women gotten great tips on right up-to-day research-centered and you will direct details about per birth control strategy, its functionality, threat of ill effects and guidance on adherence. Upcoming, the women chosen the birth-control strategy, which was available with the household believed facility.

From the subscription, all women completed self-administered questionnaires regarding their group studies. The fresh authors reviewed brand new ladies’ upcoming pregnancy plan because of the asking the fresh matter, “Could you propose to keeps children/ any longer people certain date?” New considering answers were “Sure, I could”, “No, I won’t”, and you will “I’m not sure”. Since the sexual intercourse you certainly will ultimately apply at adherence to birth-control, the article writers as well as requested next question: “How often are you experiencing sex?” The choices was both “weekly” otherwise “over and over again weekly”. All women was accompanied up to twelve months by the interviewing the new women often in person during the facility or from the call. The ladies have been accompanied on three, six and you may twelve months to evaluate the condition of employing the latest contraceptives plus the incidence regarding unintended pregnancies. All women was basically observed up to it left behind utilising the birth-control or finished the study. This new experts discussed discontinuation of your contraceptive once the abandoning use of COCs for around a month, intending to skip an effective DMPA sample or missing good DMPA shot for at least 14 days, otherwise removal of copper IUD otherwise birth prevention implant(s).

Statistical data

Brand new ladies first characteristics were stated once the imply, practical deviation, proportion, and commission. To look at this new discontinuation rate among each contraception, chance price and you will collective incidence in accordance with the Kaplan–Meier (exact-occurrences times) means were used. An effective Cox proportional threats model was applied to determine private dangers off discontinuing contraception around one year, in addition to meaningful alternatives formula was applied to choose which covariates should be hired from the last model 18 . Adjustable ages is categorized to the teenage and you may low-teenage groups to examine the result of being teenagers to the contraceptive discontinuation several . To test the fresh proportional hazards assumption, we plotted new record–log sales of one’s emergency mode to possess birth-control method of modified for most other terms from the last multivariable design resistant to the log studies time.


Among the 1912 ladies who have been potentially qualified to receive this study, i excluded thirty-two women as they had been more youthful than just 18 age dated or avove the age of 45 years of age. A total of 1880 feminine was one of them investigation; 839 (forty-two.6%) feminine started COCs, 494 (twenty-six.3%) initiated DMPA, 280 (fourteen.9%) started the new copper IUD, and 267 (fourteen.2%) initiated birth prevention implant(s). Group analysis when it comes to for each and every birth-control means are given within the Table step 1. The newest approaches to a few inquiries, “Is it possible you intend to possess children/any more Trelleborg women are hot children certain date?” and you can “How frequently have you got sex?”, are also given for the Table 1. Most feminine (99.9%) was in fact cohabiting or partnered.